Don't Understand Internet Terminology!!!

Don't Understand Internet Terminology!!!
Working From Home 2000 Internet Terminology

ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange - a
standardized 8-bit code which uses 7 binary bits for information
and the eight bit for parity purposes.

Autoresponder - A program that automatically replies to incoming
e-mail messages on your behalf by sending out pre-written text -
usually information about a company's products and services.

BANDWIDTH - the amount of information that can be sent through a
connection measured in bits-per-second.

BAUD - the measurement of speed that a telephone or cable modem
can transmit or receive in bits.

BBS - Bulletin Board System -a system that allows people to meet
and leave messages, carry on discussions, and upload and download
files without the people being connected to the computer at the
same time.

BINHEX - Binary Hexadecimal - a method for converting binary
files (applications) into ASCII format, this is needed because
Internet e-mail can only handle ASCII files.

BIOS - Basic Input-Output System - Computer software controlling
input and output, e.g., the code stored in ROM (Read Only Memory)
which allows the computer to communicate with the keyboard,
monitor and disks drives as well as boot up an operating system.

BIT - Binary Digit - A single digit number in base-2, in other
words, either a 1 or a zero. The smallest unit of computerized

BPS - Bits-Per-Second - A measurement of how fast data is moved
from one place to another. A 28.8 modem can move 28,800 bits per

Browser - This is the program that allows you to visit all the
various web sites. The two main browsers are the Microsoft
Internet Explorer and the Netscape Navigator. Both of these can
be purchased from most software stores.

BYTE - A set of Bits that represent a single character. Usually
there are 8 Bits in a Byte, sometimes more, depending on how the
measurement is being made.

CGI -Common Gateway Interface - A common way of communicating
between processes on different machines.

DNS - (Domain Name Server) A program running on a server that
automatically translates domain names into their correct TCP/IP

DOMAIN NAME - Each web site is physically housed in a computer
connected to the Internet called a server. Servers owned and
operated by Internet Service Providers (ISP's) have a certain
number of assigned addresses, similar to street addresses for a
home or office. When a name for a web site is selected, an
address is assigned that is unique to that web site. In Internet
language, site names are referred to as domain names.

DOS - Disk Operating System - preceded Windows, but has lessened
in importance with each new version of Windows.

E-mail - Electronic Mail, Pictures, Files of all sorts can be
sent instantly from your computer to anyone else with an e-mail
address at no cost to either except for the monthly ISP
connection fee.

FTP - File Transfer Protocol - basic method for copying a file
from one computer to another through the Internet.

Home Page - This is the first page that comes onto your computer
screen when you enter the Internet. It is from this page that you
search or travel to other points in the World Wide Web.

HTML - Document formatting language used to create pages on the
World Wide Web.

HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol. This tells your computer
what language to use when searching for an Internet address or

IP - Internet Protocol - protocol that governs how packets are
built and sent over the network.

IP Address - groups of numbers used by Internet routers to direct
packets. Individuals usually use the much easier to remember
domain names.

ISP - Internet Service Provider, this is the subscription service
needed to connect your computer with the Internet. Examples are
American Online, CompuServe, Prodigy, AT&T. Most charge $20 per
month for unlimited access.

Modem - A device that connects your desktop computer to a phone
line to transfer data.

RS-232 - standard communications interface between a modem and
terminal device.

Search Engine - These are web sites that will allow you to find
just about anything on the Internet. They allow you to link to
web sites of your choice and will tell you which web sites match
your request for information. For example, say you enter "oceans"
into your search engine, what will come up on your screen will be
the number of web sites that match your request either exactly or
approximately, then a listing of the individual web sites. Each
listing will give you a description of the site and a percentage.
The percentage is how close the site actually matches your
request. Search engines will be your best friend and travel guide
when searching or "surfing"
the Internet. You may decide to make one of the search engines
your home page.

Serial Output - sending only one bit at a time to and from
interconnected devices.

URL - Uniform Resource Locator, this is the official name for a
web site address, example

Web browser - The program used to search the World Wide Web.
Netscape and Microsoft's Internet Explorer are the most popular,
which require an Internet connection to use.

Web Site - A web site is a self-contained area of text and
graphical information that is owned by the person or organization
that paid for its development. It is a collection of pages
programmed for the World Wide Web. Though commonly thought of as
an electronic brochure, a profitable web site goes
beyond that to build one-to-one relationships with visitors.

World Wide Web - A rapidly growing, graphical Internet-based
information system, which gives easy, worldwide access to
information. The "Web" is often used to refer to the collective
network of web sites.

WWW - World Wide Web or the Internet. This prefix is the
beginning of most all web sites addresses.

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